بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ
in the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
السـلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته .
درس حروف العـطــف من قواعـد اللغة الإنجليزية.
Conjunctions are joining words , phrases, sentences, and paragraphs.
[أدوات العطف تربط بين الكلمات, العبارات, الجمل والفقرات]
They are used to fix together separate parts of a sentence.
[حروف عطف التنسيق]
She tried and succeeded.
They tried but did not succeed.
Did you go out or stay at home?
I did not see it, nor did they.
The sun is warm, yet the air is cool.
[حروف العطف المتلازمة]
both . . and
not only . . but also
either . . or
neither . . nor
whether . . or
just as . . so too
as . . as
what with . . and
scarcely . . when
rather . . than
not only . . but also
no sooner . . than
if . . then
hardly . . when
He is both intelligent and good-natured.
I will either go for a walk or read a book.
He is neither rich nor famous.
He had hardly begun to work, when he was interrupted.
If that is true, then what happened is not surprising.
No sooner had I reached the corner, than the bus came.
She is not only clever, but also hard-working.
I would rather go swimming than go to the library.
Scarcely had we left home, when it started to rain.
What with all her aunts, uncles and cousins, she has many relatives.
Have you decided whether you will come or not?
[حروف العطف الثانوية]
Subordinating conjunctions allow a writer to show which idea is more and which is less important,The subordinate clause supplies a time, reason, condition, and so on for the main clause.
as . . . as
in order that
After the train left, we went home.
As he is my friend, I will help him.Although it was after midnight, we did not feel tiredI arrived before the stores were open.
We had to wait, because we arrived early.
He is happy, for he enjoys his work.
If she is here, we will see her.
I have been here since the sun rose.
It was raining, so we did not go out.
I am saving money so that I can buy a bicycle.
He is taller than you are.
Unless he helps us, we cannot succeed.
I will wait until I hear from you.
While I am not an expert, I will do my best.
She talks as if she knows everything.
I am going out even if it rains.
Take a sweater in case it gets cold.